History - The city of Rome, Italy was founded
in c.753. The actual city is built on seven hills.
Palatino is one of the seven hills on which Rome was
built and where most treasures were found. Quirinale
is the highest of the seven hills and Viminale stands
next to Quirinale. It is smaller in size. Another
of the seven hill is Esquilino and it is the home
of the great poets Virgilio and Orazio Further to
the south are Celio and Aventino. Last but not least,
is the hill Capitolino, which stands between Palatino
and Quirinale. On the tops of the seven hills there
are a number of beautiful views, but the best ones
are from Pincio, the top of San Pitetro and Geanicolo.
The History of Rome is long and
varied. Some key events in its past are as follows.
The soon to be Emperor Augustus
defeated Mark Anthony and Cleopatra in 31 BC.
During the middleages there was a break with power
from the east and this eventually led to the Papacy.
By the year 728 the Lombards converted
to Roman Catholicism.
By the 1300’s both the Holy Roman Empire
and the papacy turned their attention away from Italy.
In the 18th century the French Revolution
helped to excite liberal Italians.
In 1919, Benito Mussolini was in
power and the rise of fascism started.
April of 1945 Mussolini is captured
and executed by the partisans.
The City of Rome is halfway down
the Italian West Coast. The city itself is very large
and the historical center is small. It is only 12
miles from the coast, and has the best of a major
city along with the peace and calm of the Mediterranean
beaches. It is now a major metropolitan city and is
visited by people all over the world who come to see
its vast cultural exhibits and bask in its glory.